The Beatles' Please Please Me turns fifty
Fifty years ago today, the Beatles' electrifying debut album, Please Please Me was issued in the U.K. Designed to reproduce the manic intensity of an early Beatles' live performance and hastily produced to meet demand after the group's song of the same name rocketed to number-one on the British singles charts in February of 1963, most of the record was recorded in a single ten-hour session at Abbey Road Studios.
Eight Lennon-McCartney originals were to be included on the disc, including four that had already been released on the Beatles' first two singles. The rest of the record would be made up of covers of girl groups (the Shirelles, the Cookies), R&B (Arthur Alexander), the theme from a kitchen sink realism film, and, most famously, a definitive version of the Isley Brothers' hit, "Twist and Shout."
By the early 1960s, rock and roll was no longer a new phenomenon, having taken the United States by storm a decade earlier in the personas of Elvis Presley, Chuck Berry, Buddy Holly, Little Richard and many others. With its incessant backbeat and catchy, suggestive lyrics, the music instantly attracted a young, multicultural fan base and quickly became perceived as a threat to the mainstream culture of Cold War America, as rock's earliest practitioners began to challenge conservative attitudes about race, class, gender and sexuality (see Berry's "Brown Eyed Handsome Man" and Richard's "Long Tall Sally").
However, as critic Todd Gitlin argues in his 1987 book The Sixties, early rock soon became marginalized due to commercialization. Gitlin states, "The American mainstream greeted the challenge in its usual way: trying partly to expunge the menace, party to domesticate it...By 1957, carefully overproduced teenage crooners like Frankie Avalon, Paul Anka and Fabian were all the rage...The critics' consensus is that when the likes of Bobby Vinton and Fabian rose to the top of the charts, the real music went into cryogenic death for several years until the Beatles kissed it back to life in 1963" with the arrival of Please Please Me.